Programma di Lavoro 2020 del GSE

Abbiamo imparato molto dal nuovo metodo di consultazione utilizzato per definire il Programma Lavoro GSE 2020 (GSE). Il modo è interattivo e permette una maggiore partecipazione. I risultati sono stati messi immediatamente a disposizione, e un’analisi più accurata permette di definire il quadro operativo per il 2020 per tutto il GSE e non solo.

In sintesi:

A) Si considera positivamente o fondamentale:

  • la fusione tra GSE – creato cinque anni fa – e la Rete GSE – nata dalla decisione dell’ultima Assemblea del Forum SIP a Milano lo scorso ottobre;
  • l’aumento dei referenti del GSE ad almeno sei persone;
  • la creazione di un Forum europeo simile a quello SIP col comune obiettivo di ottenere una Direttiva europea sul suolo;
  • il gemellaggio tra associazioni territoriali italiane e equivalenti europee;
  • un dialogo che coinvolga i diversi utilizzatori del suolo (costruttori, amministratori, agricoltori, rappresentanti della società civile, …)
  • la partecipazione ad azioni a livello europeo in quanto patrimonio comune di tutto il Forum SIP e del GSE.

B) Tre sono gli obiettivi prioritari che emergono nettamente dalla consultazione:

  • Sviluppare azioni di pressione politica a livello delle diverse istituzioni Europee (Commissione, Consiglio, Parlamento, Comitato delle Regioni, Comitato Economico e Sociale, …)
  • Sviluppare un dialogo con i vari attori interessati al suolo: costruttori, agricoltori, amministratori, accademici, pianificatori, società civile, …
  • Rappresentare ufficialmente il Forum SIP nelle azioni europee e internazionali.

C) Si indicano come partner potenziali per le azioni a livello europeo innanzitutto le associazioni non governative che già si occupano di ambiente. Solo successivamente si considerano gli studenti e le giovani generazioni, seguite da organizzazioni non ambientaliste, da dipartimenti universitari e da comitati di cittadini.

D) Un’attività ritenuta rilevante è indurre i Parlamentari Europei a prendere iniziative per la difesa di suolo, allo stesso tempo associarvi specifiche azioni di controllo e di sostegno alle loro iniziative, accompagnate da contatti diretti.

E) Per quanto riguarda la dimensione culturale, si ritiene importante che il GSE contatti le Direzioni Generali delle istituzioni europee preposte alla cultura e all’educazione. Ciò per offrire opportunità e facilitare contatti tra artisti e comunicatori culturali di varie nazionalità già sensibili alla tematica suolo. In parallelo organizzare incontri, convegni, spettacoli, attività con artisti e comunicatori.

F) Per inserire il suolo/territorio/paesaggio nelle attività scolastiche e in specifici momenti di comunicazione, il sondaggio indica come attori primari le associazioni territoriali locali del Forum SIP seguiti in particolare dal il neo costituito “gruppo educativo” dello stesso Forum SIP.

G) Per interessare le nuove generazioni emerge significativamente il loro coinvolgimento attraverso l’uso dei social media, ma anche le altre proposte (messa a disposizione di fondi, tesi di laurea, stage retribuiti, borse di studio, …) sono considerate opzioni positive.

Newsletter 69

1.EXPERIENCES: Re Soil Foundation

2.NEWS FROM THE SIP FORUM:

3.NEWS ON THE SOIL AND EUROPEAN INSTITUTIONS: Updated figures on land take

4.WE ARE NOT ALONE!

Re Soil Foundation

The academic and scientific worlds that deal with the soil are getting organized. Novamont, the Polytechnic of Turin and the University of Bologna have launched the Re Soil Foundation in order to promote scientific and technological research into a sustainable bioeconomy with the soil and the land at its heart.

Novamont is not widely known. It’s a research centre set up in 1990 within the Montedison group with the aim of developing chemical products with low environmental impact, using raw materials of agricultural origin such as maize, grain and potatoes. Their initial lines of research were biodiesel and bioplastics.

When Montedison was in crisis, Novamont was bought by the Banca Commerciale Italiana and private investors, including (since 2016) the oil and gas company ENI.

The Re Soil Foundation is the brainchild of Dr Catia Bastioli, who has been following the bioplastics sector for several years, following her recent nomination to the Mission Board on the soil of “Horizon Europe”, the European Commission’s new research and innovation framework. Continua a leggere “Re Soil Foundation”

The fundamentals of Bioeconomy

Through the European Soil Group, the SIP Forum requested the translation into Italian of “The fundamentals of Bioeconomy – the Biobased Society“, a document produced by the United Danish Workers’ Federation.

It is a concise text with many figures that show clearly how an industrialized society (not just Denmark) can respond positively to the problems posed by environmental degradation and climate change.

We recommend that you read it and pass it on. The text is available in a number of languages including English.

4p1000 Regional Strategies

Increasing soil carbon sequestration through sustainable resource use and the introduction of economically sound and environmentally viable management practices has multiple benefits, which should not be outweighed by negative impacts.

The Technical Scientific Secretariat of the 4×1000 Initiative carried out in 2019 a collection of ideas, information, and experiences on region-specific sustainable management practices to increase soil carbon sequestration. The related papers are intended to be published in a Special Issue of the international journal ‘Regional Environmental Change’ (SpringerNature, impact factor: 3.1) with the title: ‘Sustainable management practices to increase soil carbon sequestration: what are their contribution to climate change mitigation, adaptation and food security in different ecosystems and regions of the world?’.

The Springer Journal’s special issue will provide for each of the five continents a specific overview of SOC sequestration possibilities, adequate and innovative practices and their benefits for climate change mitigation, adaptation, the resilience of food systems, and food security.

The full manuscripts of the papers, already proposed for last December, are expected for June 1st, 2020. Once published they will be a source of inspiration for many farmers and land users around the world.

Total ban on glyphosate in Austria

From words to deeds: on 2 July 2019, the Austrian Parliament approved a total ban on the use of glyphosate anywhere in the country, making it the first EU State to forbid the use of the controversial weed killer in the name of the ” precautionary principle”. This is in complete contrast to the renewal of the product’s licence for use throughout the EU, which has been renewed until 2022 by the European executive.

Classified as a “probable carcinogen” by the WHO since 2015, glyphosate has been used under various trade names since the patent held by the US Company Monsanto was released in 2000. Among the best-known of these, Roundup produced by Monsanto now belongs to the German chemicals giant Bayer. Continua a leggere “Total ban on glyphosate in Austria”

France, publication of a White Paper to protect seeds produced directly by farmers and gardeners

Everyone knows the phrase spoken during the Apollo 13 mission: “Houston, we have a problem”. To paraphrase, we could say that “We have a problem with safeguarding biodiversity in farming”. We start from a simple point: by 2050 we will have to produce enough food for at least another 2 billion people. According to the  FAO we have reduced our agricultural diversity to just 12 vegetable species and 14 of animals. We therefore are in need of an urgent change in direction to combat the decline in agricultural biodiversity, which is in steep decline due to the monopoly over seeds held by a few global companies. Over the past 100 years, 90% of traditionally used seeds have gone out of cultivation, and 75% of them have vanished irretrievably. This threatens food security, especially in the face of global warming, whose effects in agriculture can only be stopped by using a wider diversity of seeds. Instead of a few firms having a monopoly on the production of seed, what is needed is the possibility of recreating horizontal seed exchange networks, the only way  to renew crop biodiversity and protect a heritage that is cultural as well as genetic. Continua a leggere “France, publication of a White Paper to protect seeds produced directly by farmers and gardeners”