The Estonian Presidency at the EU has been making efforts in drawing people’s attention to soil and its use as a component in European life and politics.
On 28 September, it launched a debate on soil with an interesting document which casts light to the problem with the following title: ‘Three square kilometres soil destroyed every day in Europe’ .
On 4-6 October, a High Level Conference as part of the EU Council Presidency entitled ‘Soil for sustainable food production and ecosystem services’ took place in Tallinn.
The main conclusions of the conference focused on 4 main themes:
- Policy measures: the need for a strategy at EU level to indicate priorities and measures each EU Member State must implement;
- Climate Change: the Paris Agreements did not recognize the role of soil in carbon accumulation – even though the 4 per 1000 Initiative was mentioned – therefore specific actions are demanded in and by all Member States, which must however take national and regional differences into consideration;
- Soil data: it is important to increase the use of soil data in the entire EU, and at the same time harmonize soil measures in order to have a limited number of indicators denoting changes in soil quality, especially for farmers;
- Communication and awareness raising: each Member State must encourage and create more awareness on the importance of soil for life among the entire European population.
These conclusions point to a specific direction to be followed. However they are not binding and are purely based on the good will of EU Member States.
Will the following presidencies act on what was said in Tallinn?